Top Ten Strategies to Maintain Your Sanity

October 19, 2017 by Kathryn Lazar

Many clients who meet with us for the first time are stressed out and imagining multiple horrible possible things that might happen.  Most of those things won’t happen, but when anxiety takes over, it is hard to think straight.  We strongly recommend realistic thinking — which is neither overly optimistic nor overly pessimistic.  But it is hard to find that realistic place when your mind runs away with you.  We suggest the following


1.Take good care of yourself

2.  Learn to meditate or engage in whatever spiritual practice gives you a sense of peace

3.  Exercise regularly, eat right, get enough sleep

4.  Get a regular massage

5.  Center yourself in whatever way you can

6.  Talk to your sane friends and family, and tell the excitable people that you don’t need to get worked up, you need to think clearly

7.  Keep a journal in which you keep track of your questions for your lawyer as well as chronicling what is going on for you

8.  Don’t let your negative emotions take hold of you – someone said:  “I’ve experienced many terrible things in my life, a few of which actually happened.”

9.  Consider a good therapist — there are some who specialize in helping people through separation and divorce situations.

10.  Remember to breathe.



Proper courtroom behavior and attire

July 19, 2017 by Melissa Rutkoske


A British website,, says “When you see a judge or magistrate sitting in court, you are actually looking at the result of 1,000 years of legal evolution.” The US judicial system is descended from the English system and inherits some but not all of its characteristic decorum. This post discusses appropriate behavior and attire in New York trial courts such as Supreme Court and Family Court.


The key concept is respect. American justice is founded on respect for the rule of law, and when you go to court it is appropriate to bear this is mind. If you are making faces, speaking out of turn,  or doing other things that annoy the judge or magistrate, you are, essentially, attacking your own investment. You pay your lawyer’s fees with the expectation of professional representation. If your lawyer performs to that standard and you do something else, you run the risk of  cancelling out whatever  positive influence your lawyer may bring to bear on the matter at hand. In your own interest, be consistent with your lawyer’s professionalism.


First, attire and appearance: You can’t go wrong with business attire. No tank tops, short skirts, t-shirts or jeans.  If you have multiple body piercings, remove what’s in them (pierced earring are okay). If you have heavy tattooing, cover as much as possible. Know that first impressions do matter.


Manners: Don’t speak unless your attorney asks you to do so. Minimize shows of emotion unless it is pleasant. Don’t roll your eyes, grimace, sigh, giggle or laugh. Pay attention to the judge. Don’t tug at your attorney’s sleeve or interrupt him or her. Instead, write down your comments and pass your lawyer a note. Understand that the judge is observing your behavior closely even if you think he or she is not and making casual judgments about you based on your behavior.


Of course, a court will not decide for or against you solely on the basis of your appearance or behavior. Courts decide legal questions based on the law. But judges and magistrates are human, and like the rest of the human race, they can be distracted, irritated and even angered by inappropriate behavior.


Recordings of children – can they be used in court?

June 19, 2017 by Melissa Rutkoske



Lately my work in custody cases has got me focused on the use of recordings of minor children as evidence in court. It’s so easy to record anything these days; just whip out your smartphone. But maybe using that smartphone isn’t so smart.


When it comes to recording phone calls and conversations, New York is a “one-consent state,” meaning a recording is legal if at least one party to the call or conversation consented to its being recorded.  Stated another way, for a recording to be legal, it is not it is not necessary to have the consent of both parties.  However, merely being a legal recording does not necessarily mean that it will be admissible in evidence.


In custody cases it usually comes up this way: a parent or guardian makes the recording, either of the children on the phone with their other parent or when the children return to him/her and report happenings at the other parent’s home.  When the recording is offered in evidence at a trial, the legal test of its admissibility in evidence is whether making the recording was in the best interest of the child.  A parent or guardian can consent vicariously for a child.


However, consent is not to be had simply by using the magic words. The parent or guardian can’t just say, “I did it in the best interest of the child.” That’s not enough for vicarious consent. Instead, a court will consider whether the adult making the recording did so in good faith, with an objectively reasonable basis to believe it was necessary for the welfare of the child. In addition, there are other factors a court considers in deciding whether the recording was necessary to protect the child’s best interest: what was the recorder’s motive, and is the child mature enough to make well-reasoned judgments about what is in his/her own best interest? The answer for a 16-year-old may well be different than for a 6-year-old.


So, making a recording of your child doesn’t necessarily mean you can use it in court or that a recording made by your ex can be used in court against you. Moreover, if a recording of a minor is inadmissible in evidence, the person who made it may be guilty of illegal eavesdropping, a criminal offense.  As New York State’s highest court has said, “eavesdropping has grown more simple and yet infinitely more complex in the modern communication age.”


That’s the legal side. But isn’t there a more important question, namely, what is the effect on the child(ren)? The Washington Post says kids these days don’t even need to be taught how to engage with video recorders; they do it intuitively, on their own social media channels. But this is different. When kids have their own YouTube channel they know it. When kids are recorded by adults who intend to use the recording in a court battle that will have an effect on the kids’ lives, that’s a whole different ball game.


For starters, the BBC reports that kids behave differently when they know they’re being watched. Is recording any different? Imagine how uncertain you would be if you understood that sometimes you’re being recorded and sometimes not, but you don’t know when.  Can you imagine doing that to your child?


It’s not surprising, then, that courts take a dim view of parents recording their children.  Courts are focused on the welfare and best interests of children affected by judicial proceedings.  How is that served by recording your children? Recording your children fosters distrust and parental alienation. It puts children under the impression that their parents are building cases against each other and inevitably, they (the children) will be stuck in the middle. Talk about stress! Therefore, generally speaking, it’s a bad idea to record your children and it is never a good idea to let them know they are being recorded.


Of course, when there is abuse happening that a parent can’t prove without a recording, this may be a sound act.  Parents should seek legal advice and perfect a plan with counsel in order to ensure that this recording would be legal, proper and admissible.   Additionally, if you do choose to go down this path, remember that your voice may very well be on that tape for all to hear.  Your words AND your tone will be scrutinized by the judge and by the other side.  Choose your words carefully; an intimation that you are coaching the children or placing them in a position where they have to comment on the other parent’s behavior, will not be helpful to your case or your children’s well-being.  For instance, if a child comes home to you and states, “Mommy spanks me when I won’t eat my vegetables.”, a proper response would be, “Let me speak with Mommy about that so I can understand it more, but don’t you worry.  We’ll work it out.”  An improper response would be, “I’ve told your Mommy that we don’t ever hit.  That is wrong and I’ll tell her again.”  As you can see, this is tricky business.


So, while it’s easy to record your children as a courtroom weapon against your spouse or your ex, ask yourself: is the negative impression it’s likely to make on the court and the negative effect it’s likely to have on your relationship with your child worth the advantage you hope to gain in litigation?  Think about it.



How is Your Mortgage Affected During Divorce?

May 31, 2017 by Brett Jones



The website Credit Marvel published an article titled “How is Our Mortgage Affected During Divorce?” that we comment upon here. The article’s text is in regular type; our comments are in italics. Here it is:


With all of the changes in the mortgage industry since 2008, divorce affects mortgage lending more than ever before. One divorce statistic that hasn’t changed since then is that about half of all marriages end in divorce. The United States has the 6th highest rate of divorce in the world. About 41% of first time marriages will end in divorce. The rate is slightly higher at 60% for second-time marriages. Couples that enter the altar for the third time are the most likely to divorce at a rate of 73%.

There is a growing trend in “gray divorce.” Couples age 50 and older are twice as likely to divorce now as they were in 1990. The rate is even higher for couples over the age of 65.

The good news is that if you are married for the first time and your marriage lasts longer than eight years, the odds are finally in your favor of staying together. Age at the time of the marriage is also a factor. Couples that wait until they are over the age of 25 have a better chance of staying married than younger couples. Wilkinson & Finkbeiner Family Attorneys have compiled a comprehensive list of divorce statistics that include a breakdown of statistics by religion, occupation, age, and other data.

The costs of divorce have an impact on making a decision to split. The average legal cost of getting divorced is $15,000. Many couples simply can’t afford to get divorced.  In our experience, the cost of divorce varies depending upon the divorce process utilized; it could cost much less for mediation, but could cost much more for litigation.  Please see our other blog posts which compare the difference divorce process options.

The Impact of the Financial Crisis on Divorce and Mortgages

The financial crisis of 2008 changed the economic climate for mortgage lending. Couples that got married before 2008, found it fairly easy to get a mortgage. Those were the days when lenders were happy to lend up to 125% of the value of a home.

Couples that look to get divorced after 2008 will find that it’s not so easy to get a mortgage as it was at the time they got married. The high rate of foreclosures and short sales have caused mortgage lenders to tighten up the criteria for mortgage qualification. This makes it more difficult for one spouse to buy out the other during a divorce.

Prior to 2008 most lenders considered owning a home to be a couple’s largest asset. It still is, but mortgage lenders are also keenly aware that a mortgage is a divorcing couple’s biggest liability. The responsibility for the family home and the mortgage payments that go with it are the responsibility of both spouses until the house is sold or refinanced.  This is true from the bank’s standpoint assuming that both spouses are names on the Note and Mortgage; however, this is not necessarily true from a divorce attorney’s standpoint or from the divorce court standpoint.  

Options for Managing the Mortgage During Divorce

It’s less likely that one spouse or the other will get the house in the divorce settlement. Regardless of what a judge decides, it’s more likely that a divorcing couple will make a decision about the house based upon which of them can actually qualify for a new mortgage.   We often see couples making decisions about the house based upon a number of  factors in additional to ability to qualify to refinance.

The easiest option to manage a mortgage during a divorce is for one spouse to refinance the house under his or her own name.  At the start of a divorce action, statutory automatic orders go into effect which prohibit a refinance during the divorce action unless both spouses consent in writing.   How the mortgage is managed during the a divorce is an issue that may need to be addressed at the outset of the divorce action, either by agreement of the spouses through their attorneys or if unable,then by application to the Court and subsequent court order.  The attorneys will consider the value of the home when settling the rest of the marital assets. The spouse seeking the refinancing needs to have good credit and adequate income to be in a good position to have a new mortgage approved. This works provided the couple is not past due on any mortgage payments for the last 12 months and the other spouse agrees to let go of the house.   In our experience, banks are generally reluctant to release either spouse from a joint mortgage obligation until one or the other spouse formally refinances the loan in which process one spouse’s name will be removed from the Note and Mortgage .

When neither spouse is able to purchase the other spouse’s share of the home and the real estate market won’t support the full debt that is owed on the home, it may be possible to sell the home on a short sale. A short sale is where the bank agrees to take less than is owed on the mortgage to avoid a foreclosure. This would leave both spouses without a mortgage to worry over. The downside is that pursuing a short sale will negatively affect the credit of both parties.  

Another means of dividing the house is for one partner to sign a quit claim deed. This transfers the interest from one spouse to the other. It’s important to consider that it doesn’t relieve either spouse from the responsibility for the mortgage. If the responsible spouse defaults on a mortgage payment, the other spouse will still be liable for it.   Any properly prepared Settlement Agreement would address this scenario as well as all of the other scenarios regarding the disposition of the marital residence, including detailing the obligations of both parties and the ramifications if one spouse or the other defaults on their respective obligation(s).

Depending upon the rental market for the area, spouses may agree to rent the home to a third party. This means that they will need to work together on the financial aspect of renting the home.

The final option is for divorcing spouses to continue living in the home together until  the other is in a better financial position to secure a mortgage to buy the home.  This living arrangement is not often sustainable.

Making an Equitable Financial Plan for Divorce

What seems like a reasonable divorce settlement on the surface can have negative long-term impact on spouses. A Certified Divorce Financial Analyst (CDFA) can be of valuable assistance to divorcing parties and their attorneys. CDFA’s are experts at identifying marital assets, developing a post-divorce budget and analyzing the financial impact of the proposed division of assets.  CDFA’s take a long-term approach to analyzing after-tax cash flow and net worth for the future five years and longer.

The Institute for Divorce Financial Analysts (IDFA) gives a simple example of how CDFA’s can help. A married couple with a $165,000 home has equity of $77,500. Other financial assets total $165,000. The husband nets about $68,000 per year. The wife has not worked during the marriage and hopes to get a job for slightly over minimum wage. The assets are divided equally, including deeding the home to the wife. The husband agrees to pay child support, alimony, and child support (sic).  The CDFA performed a long-term analysis and determined that the husband’s assets would grow dramatically while the wife’s assets would be completed depleted within seven years. The CDFA made suggestions to the attorneys that would put the couple on equal financial footing now and in the future.

Considerations for Getting a New Mortgage During Divorce

Mortgage lenders will consider all assets and debts when deciding to approve a mortgage. The spouse that applies for a mortgage will need to provide the lender with all pages and schedules of the divorce decree. The lender will consider all payments for alimony and child support payments as a debt when making a decision to approve a mortgage.

Attorney, Katie Connell, cautions divorcing spouses against buying a house before the divorce is final. She cites a case where someone put $10,000 earnest money down on a home and then was not able to secure a mortgage and lost the earnest money. The other spouse sought to be compensated for half of the $10,000, since it was a marital asset before the divorce was final.

Final Thoughts About Mortgages and Divorce

Divorce lawyers do more than help divide assets and manage the legal paperwork. They know that divorcing couples are running high on emotion, especially those that have children. Divorce lawyers will help their clients identify all current financial marital assets and work with the other spouse’s attorney to divide the assets as equally as possible. Nearly every couple has emotional ties to their homes and communities. The best divorce attorneys will help their clients make decisions based upon logic, rather than emotion. They do this by helping their clients paint a picture of what their lives after the divorce will look like. Often that includes showing them how letting go of owning the family home puts them in a better financial position overall.  



Pendente Lite Motions

May 25, 2017 by Brett Jones



Pendente lite. It’s pronounced “pen-den-tay lee-tay” and it’s Latin for “pending the ligation.” The phrase refers to motions made before a court for judicial relief  (outcomes) needed by a party  during the pendency of a lawsuit, without waiting until it ends. For example, in a divorce the “non-monied” spouse may need to apply to the court for monetary support from the “monied” spouse while the case is ongoing, without waiting for its conclusion. This can be practical if the case is likely to be pending longer than a party can reasonably wait.


Here are some things that can be accomplished with pendente lite motions in divorce:


  1.       Temporary child support;
  2.       Temporary spousal maintenance;
  3.       Temporary custody and visitation (though often these issues will be referred for a hearing)
  4.       Interim legal fees;
  5.       Expert witness fees;
  6.       Exclusive use and occupancy of the marital residence;
  7.       Non-compliance with the court’s Automatic Orders (for example, requirements to maintain health insurance coverage, auto insurance coverage, not change beneficiary designations, etc.)
  8.       Immediate restraints if a spouse removes or dissipates marital assets or is attempting to do so;
  9.       Restraints on a spouse undertaking certain actions (often if business assets are involved);
  10.     Directing the payment of specific expenses;
  11.      Directing the division of certain payments between spouses during pendency of the case (for example, IRA distributions or loan payments 50% to each spouse rather that 100% to one or the other).


If the parties’ interim issues can be resolved by agreement, then that is the first choice of good matrimonial lawyers as it is most economical for their clients. However, if consensual resolution is not possible, or if a spouse has taken improper action that requires immediate court intervention, then a lawyer should file a pendente lite  motion as soon as possible.


It is important to understand that upon the filing of the motion, the other side will be given time to respond to the motion, and the moving party will then have one last opportunity to reply.   It customarily takes a court 30-60 days to issue a decision from the time the reply is filed with the Court.   And of course, applying for judicial relief pendente lite doesn’t mean you’ll get all the relief you ask for.  But with a motion pendente lite, you can at least seek relief without waiting for the court’s final judgment.


It is best to discuss all of the considerations related to these applications with your attorney. because not only may the motion and the content of the motion have various strategic and other good and/or bad ramifications, but the terms of the decision often will then set the tone for how the remainder of the action may or may proceed.    



Collaborative Divorce –a Process Option Whose Time Has Come

May 3, 2017 by Brett Jones



Kim Ciesinski recently wrote an excellent article in the New York Law Journal explaining the advantages of collaborative law over litigation in divorce cases. She identifies upsides including  client-driven negotiation, privacy, emotional guidance and financial expertise. In addition, she characterizes types of couples who tend to choose litigation, mediation and collaboration respectively. These are generalizations of course, and whether you fit into one of these categories or not, the collaborative process should be considered before jumping into litigation.  You can read the article here.



Thinking about divorce – what to consider first

May 2, 2017 by Brett Jones



You’re thinking about divorce. It’s a complicated process, whether you look at it emotionally, financially or legally.  You are likely feeling all different emotions, sometimes minute to minute it changes – anger, confusion, fear, hurt, maybe nothing.   This is totally normal.  It is very important though to make rationale, educated, and mindful choices before or in deciding how to proceed with a divorce.  In doing so,  there are an numerous  considerations to contemplate.  Where should you begin?     Here are just a few of the factors to weigh:


You’ll have personal considerations:

  • What are your demands at work? You may have a project deadline coming up, or a period when you’ll be unable to take time off. Also, assume you’ll be stressed, even if you don’t have a high-stress job. You may need a “me” day or two.
  • Do you have flexible scheduling to attend court dates? You may want to “clue in” your boss if s/he is empathetic and can give you scheduling flexibility.
  • Can you trust your spouse to be honest? If so, you can get information more easily and reliably. You may even wish to do some of the work together, and will have more procedural options.
  • Do you have children? Divorce is a family affair. No matter how careful or loving you are, your divorce will affect your children and their welfare is taken into account as a matter of law. Also, you may want to get help about how to share it with them.
  • What kind of relationship do you want with your children?
  • Are any of your children disabled or do any have special needs?
  • Is your future relationship with your spouse important to you? If you have children, you need a functional relationship with your ex. Even if you don’t need it for co-parenting, you may want it.
  • Is your spouse working? Is your spouse’s schedule flexible?
  • Are you and your spouse able to make decisions together? What types? You may work well together on a co-parenting schedule but be unable to discuss money without help.
  • If you’re in a same-gender relationship, does this affect your separation? This is not solely a personal question; it may also be a legal consideration (see below) .
  • Has there been violence in your relationship? If so, you may be hesitant about negotiating with your spouse and feel the need for help.
  • Are you able to sit in the same room with your spouse? If not, some procedural options may be foreclosed or unadvisable.
  • Is alcohol or drug use impacting the divorce? You may wish to share this with your lawyer, as another’s addiction affects you whether or not you’re aware of it.
  • Is either of you in a particularly challenging mental state right now? For example, are you grieving the death of a parent? Anxious about things at work? Your child’s situation at school?
  • How do you want to feel during and after the divorce? Depending upon the divorce process you choose, there can be great differences in how you feel if your case is litigated as compared to an out of court process such as mediation or the collaborative process.   How are made to feel during the process?  How you treat your spouse, how your children are treated, and how you want to feel about your spouse and the process once it is completed all may look and feel quite different after a litigation as compared to a mediated divorce or a collaborative divorce.


Also consider your financial situation:


  • How will you finance the divorce?
  • How will you pay for your expenses and the family expenses during the divorce process?
  • How complicated is your financial situation? If your assets are many and diverse, simply identifying them may be a substantial task. Then they must be valued — another substantial task — then divided. Even if you don’t need help, you may want it.
  • Do you have a retirement plan? Retirement accounts may need to be divided in divorce, and different plans have different requirements for division. If that is necessary, it is often easier with the help of a professional.
  • Do you or your spouse have special ways of being paid for your work, such as stock options, restricted stock units, bonus plans, commission plans, or the like? These forms of compensation are harder to deal with than a simple paycheck and require valuation.
  • Does either spouse operate a business? If so, its value may need to be determined and will likely be a factor in your divorce.
  • Are either your or your spouse self-employed? Are all the sources of income reported on Federal/State Income Tax returns?
  • Same gender couples: Are there special tax, legal, and historical considerations? Especially if you’ve been together a long time, your marital estate may well be smaller than your “relationship estate”.


What are your legal considerations?

  • Is filing first important to you? New York has “no fault” divorce, which means it makes no legal difference which divorcing party is the plaintiff and which the defendant. However, if it makes a difference to you, tell your lawyer.
  • Do you want a legal separation or a divorce? In New York, legal separation is available to spouses who no longer wish to live together. Like divorce, legal separation formally sets out the rights and duties of each spouse regarding child custody and support, spousal support and property division. However, there are differences
  • Do you need to consider jurisdictional issues? For a New York court to issue a divorce decree it must have jurisdiction over the parties and over the subject matter. Jurisdiction can be defeated by facts such as too brief a residence in New York, among other things.
  • Do you have separate property? This means property acquired before your marriage and not mixed with marital assets. If property is truly separate, it will not be included among the marital assets to be divided in divorce.
  • Do you have a premarital or post-marital agreement? Such an agreement is a contract that a divorce court must honor unless there is a legal basis to set it aside.
  • If you are in a same gender relationship, what is your legal relationship? Married? State domestic partnership? Something else?
  • Are you or your spouse under a restraining order?


These are all considerations that you can discuss with us during your consultation.



Process Differences between Collaborative Law, Litigation and Mediation- The Process Chosen Can Make All the Difference

March 14, 2017 by Brett Jones

During a consultation with one of the attorneys in our office, we customarily will review the different process options  to divorce. (There are three ways and Lazar & Schwartz does all of them.)    As experienced attorneys, we have learned how important it is to educate our clients from the moment we meet, about their options to get divorced.  The process chosen to get divorced is one of the most critical decisions a person can make.    That choice can make all the difference for everyone involved, including but not limited to  the impact the divorce will have on children; the cost of the process; and in the type of resolution reached.   The article below describes the three ways and their differences. It is from a Toronto law firm but the process descriptions and their differences are the same in New York. You can read the article here.


Before selecting the process option, you should always consult with an experienced attorney who will provide you with more information about these process options and will guide you to make the best choice for you and your family.



Legal Consultation – Fee or Free?

February 28, 2017 by Melissa Rutkoske




At Lazar & Schwartz, we are often asked why we charge a consultation fee when some attorneys give free consults.  Our reasons are rooted in the quality of a potential client’s decision-making following the consultation.


A thoughtful and thorough consultation takes time. Both attorney and client need to spend enough time together to sense if they are compatible to work together. This sense may be almost instantaneous, but mostly it is not. The lawyer is doing what she does every day, but a prospective client in a matrimonial case (our exclusive area of practice) almost surely is not.  Instead, s/he is contemplating or undergoing the arduous transition from married to single, with all the stress that momentous change entails. Even the most serene divorce makes a person not him/herself. Behavior is different; perceptions are different. Getting acquainted in these circumstances doesn’t happen in a normal way or at a normal speed.  It takes time.


Especially if a divorce case proceeds to litigation, the attorney and client must be able to work together in a very special way. Even though all divorces are court-ordered, not all clients actually go to court. When you stand before a judge you want to feel that the lawyer standing beside you is with you and for you.  That certainty is not achieved in any consultation, no matter how long, but you definitely do not want to proceed past consultation with a lawyer if your initial take on him/her includes a shred of doubt.  Better for both attorney and client to spend the time required for a well-considered decision.  You do not need to hire the first lawyer you consult with.


At Lazar & Schwartz we don’t treat the consultation as a chance to sell our services. We believe that even before being retained, a lawyer who is attuned to people, especially people under stress, should be willing to spend the time it takes to answer the many questions that are always present when a person is contemplating divorce or experiencing the strain of other family problems.


We are paid for our time; in return prospective clients get the information they need to make informed decisions. These decisions concern not only legal representation but equally or more important, how to proceed legally in a way that is most comfortable for them. (There are multiple legal processes for divorce – litigation, mediation, collaboration – that are treated elsewhere in our blogs and at our Divorce Options™ workshops, because different people prefer different approaches.)


We find that most potential clients feel more able to make informed decisions about legal representation if they don’t make the decision in a rushed environment.  Most free consultations are for a half hour. And of course it goes without saying that no one should feel pressure to make such an important decision on the spot.


At the end of the day, we want for a potential client of our firm to feel confident that a lawyer’s thoughts offered in consultation are expert and honest and without the taint of a sales pitch. Instead, our potential clients pay and our attorneys provide the knowledge needed to proceed.


Who should I Call? Find Appropriate Resources and Services for Your Clients: An Interactive Panel to Identify Mental Health Resources for Service Providers in the Hudson Valley

February 8, 2017 by Brett Jones


It is often difficult for mental health service providers in private practice to be aware of the multitude of services available to them and their clients in the Hudson Valley. This panel presentation will be a forum for mental health service providers to come together to share, learn, and network about various mental health services within our communities and how they may be beneficial to their clients.

Who? ARC of Dutchess County: Developmental Disabilities, Autism Spectrum Disorders

 Astor Services for Children and Families

Dutchess County Department of Behavioral and Community Health

Family of Woodstock

Health Alliance Hospital: Psychiatric Emergency Services and Partial Hospitalization Program

Hudson Valley Collaborative Divorce and Dispute Resolution Association

Mental Health America of Dutchess County

Mental Health Association in Ulster County

Mid-Hudson Addiction and Recovery Centers, Inc.: Dutchess County Stabilization Center

Oren Kalus, MD: Psychiatric Inpatient Admissions; Psychiatric Referrals and Medication Issues

Step 1: Substance Use Disorder Treatment

Ulster County Department of Social Services


When? Sunday, February 12th; 10am to 12pm

Where? Vassar Brothers Medical Center, Conference Room B; Poughkeepsie, NY

Cost: Free for HVPA members; $10 for nonmembers

RSVP to: Jonathan Rust at

Sponsored by: